African Americans still devastated by HIV/AIDS
Newsroom | 11/28/2014, midnight
George E. Curry
As we prepare to commemorate World AIDS Day on Monday, Dec. 1, this is a good time to look at how the epidemic continues to devastate our community.
A fact sheet by the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation noted, “Black Americans have been disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS since the epidemic’s beginning, and that disparity has deepened over time. Blacks account for more new HIV infections, people estimated to be living with HIV disease, and HIV-related deaths than any other racial/ethnic group in the U.S.”
Fact sheets by CDC and Kaiser also show:
Today, there are more than 1.1 million people living with HIV/AIDS in the U.S., including more than 506,000 who are African American.
Although African Americans represent only 12 percent of the U.S. population, they accounted for 44 percent of new HIV infections and an estimated 44 percent of people living with HIV in 2010.
The rate of new HIV infections per 100,000 among African-American adults/adolescents (68.9) was nearly eight times that of whites (8.7) and more than twice that of Latinos (27.5) in 2010.
The rate for African-American men (103.6) was the highest of any group, more than twice that of Latino men (45.5), the second highest group. African-American women (38.1) had the third highest rate overall, and the highest among women.
In 2010, African-American gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men represented an estimated 72 percent (10,600) of new infections among all African-American men and 36 percent of an estimated 29,800 new HIV infections among all gay and bisexual men. More new HIV infections (4,800) occurred among young African-American gay and bisexual men (aged 13-24) than any other subgroup of gay and bisexual men.
In 2010, African-American women accounted for 6,100 (29 percent) of the estimated new HIV infections among all adult and adolescent African Americans. This number represents a decrease of 21 percent since 2008. Most new HIV infections among African-American women (87 percent; 5,300) are attributed to heterosexual contact. The estimated rate of new HIV infections for African-American women (38.1/100,000 population) was 20 times that of white women and almost five times that of Hispanic/Latino women.
Of HIV diagnoses among 13 to 19 year olds, almost 70 percent are to African-American teens, even though they constitute approximately 16 percent of the adolescent population in the U.S.
HIV was the fifth leading cause of death for African-American men and the seventh for African-American women, ages 25-44, in 2010, which is higher than any other racial or ethnic group.
Not surprisingly, most of the African-American HIV/AIDs cases are in the South, where the majority of African Americans live.
The Kaiser fact sheet observed, “Regionally, the South accounts for the majority of blacks newly diagnosed with HIV (61 percent in 2011) and blacks living with an HIV diagnosis at the end of 2010 (55 percent).
“HIV diagnoses among blacks are clustered in a handful of states, with 10 states accounting for the majority (68 percent) of blacks living with an HIV diagnosis at the end of 2010. New York and Florida top the list. While the District of Columbia had fewer blacks living with an HIV diagnosis in 2010 (10,995), it had the highest rate of blacks living with an HIV diagnosis at the end of 2010 (4,260.3 per 100,000); a rate more than 3 times the national rate for blacks (1,242.4).